About Everest

Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. It was formed between 60-70 million years ago. It stands at 8,848m above sea level and grows 2 inches every year!


Mount Everest is in the Himalayas, a huge mountain range in the continent of Asia. The Himalayas is the highest mountain range in the world and is so big that it can be seen in space.

Everest is on the border of two counties, Nepal and Tibet. In Tibet the mountain is called Chomolangma, meaning “Goddess Mother of Snows” and Sagarmatha, meaning “Mother of the Universe” in Nepal. The mountain is sacred to the native people.

Weather conditions

There is a permanent layer of ice and snow on top of Mount Everest as the snow never melts, it is too cold. The average temperature on Everest varies from season to season, but as an overall average the temperature is about -35ºC at the summit and about -17ºC at the base camp.


It is too cold and hostile to live up Mount Everest but people do live at the foot of the mountain. Sherpas are people that live in Northeastern valleys of Nepal, mostly at the bottom of Everest. There are about 40,000 sherpas. At first the world did not know very much about the sherpas. They lived alone in their villages, traded goods and grew corn and potatoes. When the British started mountain climbing expeditions in the 20 th century they used sherpas as guides. With the help of yaks sherpas helped mountaineers bring their heavy loads into great heights.Sherpas have been admired for their great strength and they can breathe in very thin air.


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