Climbing Everest

In May 1953 Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first men to reach the top of Mount Everest but they were not the first to try. The first attempt was in 1921 by a British expedition and many other climbers tried to reach the summit but either has to turn back or never returned.

Many have also died on Mount Everest since 1953, 227 people have died trying to climb Everest. Almost all are still on the mountain. But on the brighter side, over 5,585 summits have been made since 1953.

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Edmund Hillary was a beekeeper from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay was a Sherpa from a village at the foot of Mount Everest.

Hillary and Norgay were part of the 9th expedition to Everest led by John Hunt. Although they were part of a bigger team complications meant that they were the fittest and most determined pair. They reached the summit at 11.30 on the 29th May 1953. They had enough time at the top to take some photographs and bury some sweets and a crucifix in the snow before they started their descent (to come down).

The news reached Britain on the day of Queen Elizabeth’s coronation. Hillary and Hunt were knighted for their hard work and success.

 

Climbing

There are 18 routes up Everest, most are led by Sherpas. It takes 2 months to climb as people need to adjust to the altitude. It can make some people feel very poorly. Climbers must take lots of equipment including bottled oxygen. There is 66% less oxygen than at sea level. Climbers must also take nylon ropes, ice axes, plenty of thick warm clothes and spikes on their boots called crampons to dig in to the ice and snow. Climbers must eat food with lots of calories to keep them warm and give them energy.

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2 Comments

  1. jon

     /  March 6, 2013

    that sucks that the people died while trying to climb mount everest

    Reply

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